Tag Archives: Joe Paschal

Stretching limited hay supplies

By Dr. Joe Paschal, j-paschal@tamu.edu, 361-265-9203 It seems counterintuitive that you might need to consider a strategy to stretch your hay supply this winter considering all the moisture we have had recently, but a lot of hay was fed early this past summer and not much made since then. My colleague in east Texas, where the dry spell was more severe, recently wrote two bulletins about doing just that. Jason Banta, the Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Beef Cattle Specialist in Overton, sent them to me, and for some… Read More →

7 Things Every Small Cattle Producer Should Know

By Dr. Joe Paschal, j-paschal@tamu.edu, 361-265-9203 The other day, I was reading a paper written by a former colleague, Rick Machen titled “Seven Things Every Small Producer Should Know,” and I thought it was worth covering the points he made here. It can be accessed at beef.tamu.edu under “Publications.” Size is relative in Texas. According to the 2012 USDA Census of Agriculture, the most recent survey, almost half of the state’s cowherd is in herds of 100 head or more, but they represent less than 10 percent of farms and… Read More →

Cow with better body condition has stronger calving process

Writer: Dr. Joe Paschal, 361-265-9203, joe.paschal@ag.tamu.edu Body condition scoring refers to evaluating the amount of body fat in a cow (or any other animal). Under normal grazing conditions, cows carrying more body fat are more efficient because they are more adapted to their environment. Cows (and bulls) that are more adapted to their environment are more fertile and productive. The value of body condition scoring has been known since at least the early 1960s when Dr. J. N. Wiltbank reported that cows in better body condition, or that were… Read More →

Horn flies can damage cattle skin, need to be controlled

Writer: Dr. Joe Paschal, 361-265-9203, joe.paschal@ag.tamu.edu The other day when I was turning out the cows to a rested pasture full of green grass and winter weeds, I noticed many of them had several horn flies and other cows had quite a few. I guess it is going to be an early season. The horn fly, which seems to be a misnomer since they congregate on cattle without horns, too, were introduced to the U.S. from Europe in the late 1800s. They were called horn fly because they clustered… Read More →

The forgotten goat has grown in popularity

Writer: Dr. Joe Paschal, 361-265-9203, joe.paschal@ag.tamu.edu As I drive up and down the roads of South and Central Texas, I often see a pasture with goats, mostly Boers now. In the late 1980s, when I was still a young extension specialist, C. Wayne Hanselka, extension range specialist (now retired), and I decided to compile as much information about meat goat production as possible from folks in the business at that time. Other than dairy breeds and Angoras, goats back then were called “Spanish.” The Boers (“Boer” means “farmer” in… Read More →

Ranchers learn about the injection-site blemishes, value of beef carcass

Writer: Blair Fannin, 979-845-2259, b-fannin@tamu.edu Contact: Dr. Joe Paschal, 361-265-9203, joe.paschal@ag.tamu.edu FORT WORTH – A team of Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service specialists demonstrated how much injection–site blemishes can diminish the value of high-end cuts from the beef carcass at the recent Texas and Southwestern Cattle Raisers Association Convention in Fort Worth. Dr. Joe Paschal, AgriLife Extension livestock specialist from Corpus Christi, was joined by Dr. Dan Hale, AgriLife Extension meat specialist, and Dr. Tom Hairgrove, AgriLife Extension beef cattle veterinarian and food animal specialist, both from College Station, who… Read More →

Winter supplementation affects calving

Writer: Joe Paschal, 361-265-9203, j-paschal@tamu.edu It doesn’t get as cold for as long in the South as it does farther north, but the change in season and cooler if not wintry weather affects grass growth and quality all the same. Depending on when you calve, you might have pairs on the ground already or possibly some mid- to late-bred cows (or for some of you, a mix). At any rate, with the onset of cooler weather or possibly even a frost, grass growth has ceased, and the quality… Read More →

National Beef Quality Audit shows changes in market

Writer: Joe Paschal, 361-265-9203, j-paschal@tamu.edu Every five years or so, an audit of most of the major beef processors in the U.S. is conducted, sampling 10 percent of a fed or non-fed beef plant’s kill, and funded by the Beef Check Off. The audits are used as an indicator of the direction of U.S. beef production and what U.S. beef producers, processors and retailers can do better to meet the demands of our customers. I thought it would be interesting to cover some of the highlights of the… Read More →

Quarantine Quandary, Update on the Texas Cattle Fever Ticks

By: Gilda V. Bryant, Working Ranch Magazine, gv.bryant@gmail.com In the late 1800s, Texas Cattle Fever caused extensive cattle losses. To combat this deadly disease caused by ticks, the Bureau of Animal Industries, predecessor of the USDA (see Looking Back, September/October 2017 issue, p. 162), developed the first tick eradication program in 1906. When ticks were controlled across the southeastern U.S., the USDA and Texas Animal Health Commission (TAHC) established a permanent quarantine zone along the Texas – Mexico border in 1943. Tick eradication was the preferred control method. Two… Read More →

Value of bull to commercial herd exceeds ‘relative’ value

Writer: Paul Schattenberg, 210-859-5752, paschattenberg@ag.tamu.edu Contact: Dr. Joe Paschal, 361-265-9203, joe.paschal@ag.tamu.edu CORPUS CHRISTI – The value of bulls in commercial herds goes beyond the “relative” value typically ascribed to them in market pricing, said a Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service expert. “In publications referencing cattle values for commercial producers as well as reports from beef breed associations, the value of a bull is often given as equivalent to the average value of five weaned calves,” said Dr. Joe Paschal, AgriLife Extension livestock specialist, Corpus Christi. “This has been a long-held… Read More →